Fiat approvals are used when selecting engine oils for Fiat, Alfa Romeo, Lancia, Abarth, and Maserati.
To obtain Fiat approval, the engine oil is tested in the laboratory and tested in the engines. Laboratory tests evaluate viscosity, fluidity, aggressiveness to rubber and plastic parts, oxidation resistance, foaming and corrosion characteristics. In-engine tests allow to estimate real behavior and properties of oil in real operation conditions: formation of deposits on parts, wear of metal surfaces, oil consumption for burn-out.
The company’s experts have spent a lot of resources to determine which chemical characteristics of oils are considered fundamental. Long studies in modern laboratories have revealed that the main quality criteria for Fiat are considered to be:
- Foaming degree;
- Viscosity values;
- Resistance to oxidation;
- Resistance to corrosive processes;
- Low temperature stability.
In the working test of Fiat motor oils, much attention is paid to the physical performance of the working fluid, its ability to reduce friction and wear on moving surfaces, as well as to protect the piston from the formation of deposits.
What is a Fiat specification?
Fiat specifications are symbolic descriptions of the properties of engine oil for a specific type of Fiat car, and it is according to these specifications that you choose oil for your Fiat car. By choosing oil according to the appropriate specification, you ensure that you are using the right oil for your Fiat.
Fiat Engine Oil Approvals
These qualifications define the characteristics to be complied with by the lubricants used in engines with Otto and Diesel cycle for the first time of filling and during service. The standard is formed of a series of tests in the laboratory and on the engine to assess the performance level of lubricants. The laboratory tests qualify the lubricant by evaluating the viscosity, cold yield value, tendency to produce foam, corrosion on a copper reed, behavior with rubbers, and resistance to oxidization. The engine tests assess the performance levels of lubricants in terms of sticking rings, deposits on pistons, wear, and also oil consumption of certain diesel and petrol engines which are the most representative of Fiat Auto’s most advanced technologies.
Qualification for gasoline engine lubricants granting fuel economy and extended drain.
Qualification for gasoline engine lubricants with standard characteristics.
Qualification for gasoline engine lubricants, granting high performances and high viscosity at high temperatures. OEM recommended product also meets API: SM, ACEA A3-04/B3-04.
Qualification for gasoline engine lubricants granting very high performances.
Qualification for Diesel engine lubricants with standard characteristics.
Qualification for lubricants with extended drain. OEM recommended product also meets ACEA B3-04/B4-04, GM-LL-B-025.
Qualification for lubricants with excellent characteristics for turbocharged engines, Diesel and gasoline, with extended drain. The minimum requirement is ACEA A3/B4-04.
Qualification for Diesel and gasoline engines, with the exhaust treatment system, lubricants, granting fuel economy, and extended drain. OEM recommended product is also approved to ACEA C2
Qualification for Diesel and gasoline engines, with the exhaust treatment system, lubricants, with extended drain. OEM recommended product also meets ACEA C3-04, MB 229.51, and API: SM/CF.
ACEA C2 based, 0W30 viscosity, mid-SAPS engine oil for the latest gasoline engines of the Fiat Group (Fiat, Alfa-Romeo, Lancia).
ACEA C2 based, 0W30 viscosity, mid-SAPS engine oil for the latest diesel engines of the Fiat Group (Fiat, Alfa-Romeo, Lancia).